Cabo verde: formações discursivas (trans)nacionalistas de uma sociedade crioula politicamente sitiada

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Cabo verde: formações discursivas (trans)nacionalistas de uma sociedade crioula politicamente sitiada

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Title: Cabo verde: formações discursivas (trans)nacionalistas de uma sociedade crioula politicamente sitiada
Author: Fernandes, Gabriel Antônio Monteiro
Abstract: In Cape Verde, an ex-colony of Portugal who became independent in 1975, the political disputes among groups that in any way see themselves as true nationalists or as inheritors of the nationalist authentic trajectory are recurrent. In opposition to this velleity of the Capeverdean political actors, some scholars of nationalism suggest the inauthenticity of the african nationalist constructions, since they were supposedly forged from mimetic processes of modular forms produced in European countries. In both cases, political and theoretical, one operates from the exploration of frontier lines, that make radical the differences between the agents and contexts that are reificated and situated in binary terms, and define their mutual distance, their self-enclosement and, as a result, their non-exchangeability. The present study, considering the colonial situation, examines the influence of colonial conflicts (social, political and symbolic), in the political-discursive redefinition of the colonizers, in the subversion of intranational boundaries and in the emergence of new nations from the colonies. It is basically assumed that colonialism not only alters the political-discursive structure of the colonizers but also creates its own nationalist (re)production and customs mechanism. In other words, despite its constitutively and intrinsically asymmetrical character it does not fix definitely the boundaries which it builds or, sometimes, exacerbates. On the contrary, in its interior, there is place for peculiar national operations, leading to reinterpretations, (re)negotiations or (re)definitions of belongings, loyalties and national representations. In this sense, based upon the rescue of the interactional dynamic and the emancipation of political strategies of specific political actors, one will argue, against the imitation thesis, that in the social fields included in the colonialism the national operations begin to take form from the colonial practices, when the supposedly universal and inclusive nation is unilaterally appropriated as basis of domination. In the Capeverdean case, that implies an reanalysis of the nationalist question, whether by the recuperation of the actors and practices traditionally expelled from the official national(ist) imaginary, whether by the intersection of the constructions called nationalists with other correlated phenomena - specially, the "crioulização", the "diasporalização" and the "cosmopolitização" - which may confuse their intelligibility, certitudes and supposedly consecrated frontiers.
Description: Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sociologia Política.
Date: 2005

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